This special issue of “Corporate Social Responsibility and Ethics for Sustainable Development Goals” is rigidly consisted with an interdisciplinary tendency of business development and pragmatic requirement globally. Owing to the importance of the special issue, it has discussed at this topic from multiple dimensions since invited submission in May, 2020. Until February 2021, we received seventy full manuscripts, twenty-two long abstracts and four case studies. At the first phase, we accepted fourteen full manuscripts, nine long abstracts, and two cases study at the conference of the special issues. Finally, there are eight full manuscripts in this special issue with an accepted rate at 8.7%. It obviously receives much regard at the issues related to sustainability from academia due to an abundance of submissions.
The feature of widespread on sustainable issues is not only reflective on plenty of submissions but also on various backgrounds of researchers. The issues of submitted manuscripts are included scholars from traditional fields of business school, economics, sociology, Psychology as well as fields from architecture and construction, urban and rural development, national defense, and medicine. The discussions of submitted topics relevant to sustainability are multiple facets and enrichments. As the Figure 1 and 2, the concern about multiple characteristics related to this special issue reminding scholars interested in studying at the sustainability is necessary to regard much at interdisciplinary predisposition. We are prospective to have more research cooperative achievements of integrative and interdisciplinary projects hereafter.
Moreover, we have sorted all submitted papers by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) from the United Nations (UN) as a demonstration in the Figure 3. The most of submitted paper relevant to the managerial scholars' familiar studying circumstances, economic development, responsible production, responsible consumption, … etc.; nevertheless, it is a lack of discussion at other research fields because of either non-imperative in Taiwan or requirement of more scholars' research devotions.
There are eight completed articles in this special issue included sustainable issues, corporate social responsibility (CRS), strategy, corporate governance, supply chain management, marketing, human resource management and social enterprise. The multiple dimensions of sustainable development spontaneously reflect on a variety of research issues and fields. The first and second articles are awarded to the best papers in the conference of special issues and the third and fourth articles are awarded to excellent papers.
The first article is titled in “Delaying Change: How Incumbents' Defensive Institutional Work Avoids Radical Change in Sustainability Transitions” and explored the cases of the failed sustainability transition involving the phasing out of gasoline-and diesel-powered scooters in Taiwan. The study examines incumbents' defensive institutional work to avid radical change when deinstitutionalization occurs. The study reveals that this defensive work is devoted to mutual subjectively interpreting how change should proceed temporally. The study identifies temporal work characterized as involving following shared beliefs: “more haste, less speed,” “now is not the time,” and “coexistence.”
The second article is titled in “Family Firms and CSR Specialization: Evidence from Taiwanese Listed Firms”. The author provides a new theoretical thought to explain the performance at the issues of ESG from the family firms in Taiwan. The author explored how family firms undertake their CSR activities. Drawing on the family firms and CSR-related literatures, the author find that compared with non-family firms tend to focus on certain aspects of CSR activities due to their incentive to preserve socioemotional wealth (SEW). .
The third article is titled in “Investigating CSR as a Corporate Strategic Tool: Past, Now and Future” and employs the research methodology of literature review. The author delineate the related theoretical foundations and empirical findings through literature review and propose a visibility-attribution model for CSR's performance enhancement and insurance-like effects. The primary contribution of this paper is to explain and analyze prior studies on CSR's strategic use in a simple way as to make recommendations for strategic researchers and practitioners.
The forth article is titled in “Do Buyers' Sustainable Supply Chain Management and Stakeholders' Pressure Lead to Better Suppliers' Environmental and Operational Performance?” Although the research results did not directly support their research hypotheses; however, they predicted that the proactive environmental strategy of suppliers might play the mediating role in the relationship among the sustainable supply chain management (SSCM), stakeholders' environmental pressure and supplier's environmental performance.
The fifth article is titled in “Does the Suppliers' CSR Engagement can Actually Satisfy Their Retailer Customer?”. The authors' empirical findings reveal that long-term orientation and competitor identification can enhance the impact of suppliers' CSR engagement on retail customer satisfaction. Additionally, the long-term orientation and competitor identification positively moderate the main effect on results.
The sixth article is titled in “How can Benevolence be Known? The Influence of CSR Programs and Information Sources on Consumer Attitudes?”. The authors discover that firms engagement in institutional-orientated CSR programs together with advertising can result in better attitudes among consumers, and firms' engagement in promotional-oriented CSR programs together with marketing public relations can also result in better attitudes among consumers.
The seventh article is titled in “The Influence of Corporate Social Responsibility on Sustainable Competitive Advantage and Organizational Effectiveness in Listed Companies: The Moderating Effect of the WICS Leadership Skill Model”. The authors found that the effects of WICS leadership skills on an organization's subjective performance and objective profitability were completely mediated by sustainable competitive advantage but the leadership skill did not play either a moderating or mediating effect between the CSR and performance outcomes.
The eighth article is titled in “The Symbiosis Strategies among Multiple Institutional Logics: A Case Study of “CAN Culture Art and Nature”. The research explores how the social enterprise demonstrating the unique strategies to solve the conflict in different logical consideration between commercial benefit and social welfare. This research proposes the “symbiosis” strategy to respond conflicts among multiple institutional logics for social enterprises.
There are full of multiple issues in manuscripts in this special issue and also the research methodologies are varied in examining the secondary data, survey, experiment, and depth interview and field study of qualitative research. Therefore, we invited over a hundred reviewers from the fields of philosophy, strategy, finance, accounting, marketing, human resource, psychology, information management, scientific management, sociology, and art. The special issue had been accomplished the reviewing process smoothly because of their kind assistances and directions.
Lastly, we specially thank to the Sinyi Charity Foundation sponsors this special issue and conference and encourage academia devotes their efforts to research at sustainable wellbeing life together.
Special Issue Editors
Lien-Ti Bei, Professor of Department of Business Administration, National Chengchi University
Weichieh Su, Associate Professor of Department of International Business, National Chengchi University